Posts Tagged ‘meaning of sampaguita’
There are many popular species of flowers available in the Philippines today. Popular ones are roses, tulips, and orchids. However, other than these flowers, which were only introduced in the Philippines, other flowers have also been popular in the market that Filipinos can proudly say that these species of flowers are of their own. These are the sampaguita flower.
Sampaguita in the market
Sampaguita is widely known by Filipinos as the national flower Philippine. It was declared as the national flower of the Philippines by Governor-General Frank Murphy, during the Commonwealth era in 1934, as well as declaring the Narra tree as the national tree of the Philippines.
Although the sampaguita is known for its significance in Philippine history, the flower is also known in the market as one of the best-selling flowers in the Philippines. Part of what made it popular is its cost, but the reason why it became popular in the market is because of its many use as an offering as well as a gift.
Apart from its history, sampaguita is mostly known in the Philippines, particularly in Metro Manila, as a garland. These flowers are usually given to tourists, new graduates, and competition winners either as traditional welcome offerings or as honorary symbols for their achievements. However, garlands of these flower Philippine are usually bought as offerings to the saints, whether in churches or altars at home.
Other than its popularity in the market as well as its significance in Philippine history, sampaguita is also known for its many medicinal use. According to Eduardo Quisumbing, the sampaguita is one of the many flower Philippine which are known for its medicinal value. This includes its flower, roots, as well as its leaves.
Sampaguita flower poultices are applied to the breasts of women to act as a lactifuge. The roots may be used to treat venereal diseases when given fresh, while a tincture made from them is reported to be used as sedative, anaesthetic, and vulnerary. The leaves are also said to be given internally in decoction for fevers. Boiled sampaguita leaves are also used to alleviate eye complaints. Dried leaves are said to indolent ulcers if soaked in water and made into a poultice.
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Sampaguita Flower (scientific name Jasminum sambac) is a species of the genus jasmine and is widely grown as an ornamental plant. This species is native to southern Asia, India and Sri Lanka. The Sampaguita plant is a semi-climbing, evergreen shrub that reaches to a height of 1-3 meter. Leaves are simple, ovate and are arranged, either on opposite sides or in whorls of three. Sampaguita flower is white in color and is produced either singly or in clusters of three or more, at times twelve. The flower opens at night and withers within 2 days. Occasionally, purple-black fruits are formed.
Classification of Sampaguita Flower
Sampaguita flower is a Spanish term, which comes from the Filippino words sumpa kita meaning ‘I promise you’. Like every flower signifies its own flower meaning, Sampaguita flower is a symbol of purity, devotion, dedication, fidelity and strength. Let us look at the classification of the Sampaguita flower.
There are three varieties of Sampaguita flower, based on the petal structure and arrangement viz. single petal (singled petal flowers with five oval shaped petals), double petal (singled and doubled petal flowers with elongated petals) and double double (semi doubled and doubled petal flowers).
Cultivation and Uses of Sampaguita Flower
Sampaguita flower is the national flower of Philippines (adopted in 1937) and Indonesia (adopted in 1990). It is believed that Sampaguita plant was imported to Philippines, from the Himalayan regions, in the 17th century.
The constituents of Sampaguita flower are iron, glycosides, tannin, fats, silicon and calcium oxalate. There are many uses of Sampaguita flower, some of the common uses are:
- Oil extracted from Sampaguita flower is used in cosmetics such as perfumes, deodorants, hair oils and other body care lotions.
- Sampaguita flower due to its fragrance, is used for hair ornamentation in Philippines, India and China.
- The Sampaguita flower is used as herbal medicine; many people used it for alleviation of ailments such as headaches, fever, cough, diarrhea and abdominal pain. Sampaguita petals are used for preparing herbal tea.
- Sampaguita roots are ground and used for treatment of cuts and snake bites. The leaves and flowers also contain ingredients for use as antipyretics and decongestants.
A garland made from Sampaguita flower is used to welcome guests. In many of the countries, Sampaguita is regarded as auspicious and is used in religious ceremonies.
Growth and Propagation of Sampaguita Flower
Since fruits are formed rarely, the mode of propagation is by cutting. The plant cuttings are easy to root and they are suitable in any type of soil, provided there is optimum plant growth factors. As the plant increases in height, tie the stem with supports. Sampaguita grows better in soil enriched with organic matter and farmyard compost. Keep the soil moist by regularly watering the plant. However, make sure the soil is not waterlogged, as it can cause rotting of the roots.
They can be grown in areas, where there is availability of full sun or semi-shade. For better growth of Sampaguita flower, you can replace the pot with a larger size one, whenever the plant overgrows the pot. In case, you want to maintain the size of Sampaguita plant, you can prune the plants regularly after flowering. As Sampaguita plants require maximum light for blooming, exposure of the plants to sunlight as far as possible during blooming season is advisable.
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